“The Cold Equations,” Tom Godwin, 1954 – A pilot on a critical medical mission discovers a stowaway on his ship, a young girl who merely wants to visit her brother, but he only has enough fuel for a safe trip for himself. Unless he jettisons the girl, the colonists in need of his cargo will die.
Comments: Read in The Science Fiction Hall of Fame. A hard sf classic in which the “problem” cannot be solved.
Author: Wikipedia: “Tom Godwin (1915–1980) was an American science fiction author. Godwin published three novels and thirty short stories. His controversial hard SF short story ‘The Cold Equations’ is a notable example of the mid-1950s science fiction genre.”